Taekwondo Terminology – Korean language

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Taekwondo Terminology

Taekwondo Terminology – Korean language

GENERAL

Tae Kwon Do – Foot, Hand, The way of life.
Sah Bum Nim – Master /Innstructor
Do Jang – Training Hall
Do Bok – Uniform
Yu Dan Ja – Black Belt holder
Yu Kup Ja – Color Belt holder
Pil Sung – Certain Victory
Kuk Ki – National Flag
Mee Kuk Ki – American National Flag
Tae Kuk Ki – Korean National Flag

KOREAN COUNTING
Hana – One Il – First
Dool – Two Ee – Second
Set – Three Sam – Third
Net – Four Sa – Fourth
Da Sut – Five O – Fifth
Yu Sut – Six Yuook -Sixth
Il Kup – Seven Chil – Seventh
Yu Dul – Eight Pahl – Eighth
A Hoop – Nine Koo – Nineth
Yul – Ten Sip – Tenth
Soo Mool – Twenty
Su Reun – Thirty
Ma Heun – Fourty
Sheen – Fifty
Ye Soon – Sixty
Ee Reun – Seventy
Yu Deun – Eighty
A Heun – Ninety
Baeck – One Hundred
Chun – One Thousand
Man – Ten Thousand

CLASS INSTRUCTIONS
Cha Ryut – Attention
Kyung Nye – Bow
Jhoon Bee – Ready
Jhoon Bee Jwah Seh – Ready Stance
Seeh Jak – Begin
Ko Man – Stop
Bah Ruh – Return to original position
Swee A – At ease
Dwee Ro Do Rah – About face
Jwa Hyang Jwa – Turn Left
Woo Hyang Woo – Turn Right
Jun Jin – Advance
Hoo Twye – Retreat
Hon Hap – Combination (Tech.)

STANCES (JWAH SEH)
Jhon Bee Jawh Seh – Ready Stance
Juhng Gull Jawh Seh – Front Stance
Hoo Gul Jawh Seh – Back Stance
Yang Gul Jawh Seh – Straddle Stance
Kima Jawh Seh – Horse Riding Stance

KICKING (CHA KI) TECHNIQUE
Ap Cha Ki – Front (snap) Kick
Ap Dol Ryo Cha Ki – Front Front Circling Kick
Ap Bahn Dae Dol Ryo Cha Ki – Reverse Circling Kick
Ap Cha Ol Ri Ki – Front Rising Kick
Ap Cha Ji Re Ki – Font Stabbing Kick
Ap Cha Ji Ro Na Ga Ki – Hop in Font Stabbing Kick
Ap Cha Ji Go Nye Ri Ki – Axe Kick
Ee Dan Ap Cha Ki – Jumping Front (snap) Kick (good demo kick)
Ha Dan Sang Dan Ap Cha Ki – Low High Front Kick
Dol Ryo Cha Ki – Round House Kick
Dwee Ro Dol Ryo Cha Ki – Reverse Round Houes Kick (good demo kick)
Dwee Ro Dol Ryo Cha Na Ga Ki – Step Reverse Round Houes Kick (good demo kick)
Ee Dan Dol Ryo Cha Ki – Jumping Round Houes Kick
Ha Dan Sang Dan Dol Ryo Cha Ki – Low High Round House Kick
Yup Cha Ki – Side (snap) Kick
Yup Cha Na Ka Ki – Stepping Side Kick (good demo tech.)
Dwee Ro Ya Cha Ki – Reverse Side Kick (good demo tech.)
Dwee Ro Yup Cha Na Ka Ki – Step Reverse Side Kick
Ee Dan Yup Cha Ki – Jumping Side Kick
Ee Dan Dwee Ro Yup Cha Ki – Jumping Reverse Side Kick
Ha Dan Sang Dan Yup Cha Ki – Low High Side Kick
Yup Cha Dwee Yu Na Ka Ki – Flying Side Kick (good demo tech.)
Gul Chyo Cha Ki – Hooking Kick
Gul Chyo Cha Na Ka Ki – Stepping Hooking Kick
Bahn Dal Cha Ki – Half Moon kick (swing kick)

HAND ATTACK (CHI KI) TECHNIQUES
Jung Kwon Chi Ki – Knuckle Punch
Joong Dan Chi Ki – Middle Section Attack With Fist
Joong Dan Yuk Chi Ki – Middle Section Attack , Reverse Punch
Ssang Soo Kong Kyuk – Attack With Both Hands
Soo Do Chi Ki – Knife Hand Strike
Soo Do Dwee Ro Dol Ryo Chi Ki – Reverse Turning Knife Hand Strike
Yuk Soo Do Chi Ki – Ridge Hand Strike
Kap Kwon Chi Ki – Back Fist Strike
Kwan Soo – Spear Hand
Mit Joo Mok Chi Ki – Hammer Fist
Pal Kup Chi Ki – Elbow Strike
Chang Kwon Chi Ki – Palm Heel Strike

BLOCKING (MAK KI) TECHNIQUES
Han Dan Mak Ki -Down Block
Sang Dan Mak Ki -Up Block
Soo Do Mak Ki -Knife Hand Block
Yup Pal Mok Mak Ki -Side Block (scoop block)
Nae Soo Mak Ki -Inward Block
Oye Soo Mak Ki -Outward Block
Kyo Cha Mak Ki -Cross Block
Sang Dan Kyo Cha Mak ki -Upper Cross Block
Ha Dan Kyo Cha Mak Ki -Lower Cross Block
Nool Ro Mak Ki -Downward Pressing Block
Ol Ryo Mak KI -Upward Pressing Block
San Mak Ki -Mountain Block
Ssang Soo Sang Dan Mak Ki -Twin Hand Up Block (box block)
Ssang Soo Joong Dan Mak Ki -Twin Hand Middle Block
Ssang Soo Han Dan Mak Ki -Twin Hand Low Block

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